Dating kaolin pipe stem holes
Once again, Noel Hume’s above-mentioned text has this chart.
Using this chart in the refuse-filled cellar and root pit layers, students quickly concluded that our colonists were using these features for trash deposit perhaps as early as 1720.
Some of this collection originated archaeologically, some of the material was given to the collector and some of it may have been obtained by other means.
Cod jiggers are part of handlining for catching codfish.
If a jigger is used, no bait is needed, as the reflection of the moving jigger is enough to attract cod that would be caught by the large hooks that protruded from the mouth of it. Jiggers are made by pouring molten lead into a mould.
Jiggers, moulds and or fishhooks are common finds on historic sites.
The method of dating the pipes that has become more reliable is English archaeologist Adrian Oswarld’s 1951 chart of his extensive study of pipe bowl shapes roughly in the period 1580-1860.Audrey Noel Hume reports in Five Artifact Studies (vol.1) of finding one in cellar hole “B” on the Post Office Site in Colonial Williamsburg.On most archaeology sites, the cotton twine of the net will not preserve but on some historic sites the lead balls have.
Initially I had no idea what this object was, but after showing it to a number of people, I was told it is a pelt board.That post focused on the precontact portion of the collection.